SEPARATION, CONVERSION, CRACKING AND REFORMING

SEPARATION

USING THE PROPERTIES OF BOILING TEMPERATURE TO SEPARATE THE

  CRUDE OIL MIXTURE INTO GROUPING

  OF SEMI-FINISHED PRODUCTS. THIS

  IS DISTILLATION AND IS THE

  COMMONEST FORM OF SEPARATION.

CONVERSION

SEPARATION DOES NOT YIELD PRODUCTS IN THE PROPORTIONS NEEDED BY THE MARKETPLACE. VARIOUS PROCESSES ARE USED TO TAKE NATURAL PRODUCTS WHICH ARE IN SURPLUS AND CONVERT THEM TO MORE USEFUL PRODUCTS

 

CRACKING AND REFORMING

CRACKING

 USING CONDITIONS OF HIGH TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE WITH CATALYSTS TO BREAK HEAVY (LONG CHAIN) HYDROCARBONS INTO SHORTER ONES.

 

REFORMING

       

TAKING INTERMEDIATES FROM THE CRACKING OPERATION AND BY CONTROLLING TEMP. AND PRESS. AND ADDING HYDROGEN TO PRODUCE REQUIRED MIDLENGTH HYDROCARBONS.

 

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