PETROLEUM

PETROLEUM:

PETRA  =  ROCK

OLEUM  =  OIL

 

ROCK OIL

OIL

HYDROCARBONS

FOSSIL FUELS

BLACK GOLD

 

H.C. CHEMICAL RESUME:

RAW NATURAL

GAS /

CONDENSATE

SALE

GAS

LPG STAB OIL SULFUR IMPURITIES
C1

Methane

C1
C2

Ethane

C2
C3

Propane

C3
C4

Butane

C4
C5+

Pentane

C5+
H2S H2S Sulfur H2S
CO2 CO2 CO2
N2 N2 N2
H2O H2O H2O
Others Others Others

LIQUID HYDROCARBONS:

HYDROCARBONS

 

  A LARGE CLASS OF CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS,

CONTAINING ONLY CARBON AND HYDROGEN.

BASIS OF ALL PETROLEUM PRODUCTS.

HYDROCARBONS MAY BE LIQUID, SOLID OR GASEOUS.

CONVENTIONAL CRUDE OIL:

 A MIXTURE MAINLY OF PENTANE (C5)

AND HEAVIER HYDROCARBONS.

RECOVERABLE AT A WELL FROM

AN UNDERGROUND RESERVOIR.

LIQUID AT ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE.

CONDENSATE:

A MIXTURE MAINLY OF PENTANE (C5) AND HEAVIER HYDROCARBONS.

RECOVERABLE AT A WELL FROM AN UNDERGROUND RESERVOIR.

GASEOUS IN ITS RESERVOIR STATE BUT WHICH CONDENSES

TO A LIQUID AT ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE.

NATURAL GAS LIQUID (NGL):

PROPANE (C3), BUTANE (C4) AND PENTANE (C5) PLUS.

OBTAINED FROM THE PROCESSING OF

RAW GAS OR CONDENSATE.

LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM GASES (LPG):

 

  A SUBGROUP OF THE NATURAL GAS LIQUIDS.

CONSISTING PRINCIPALLY OF PROPANE (C3) AND BUTANE (C4).

CAN BE LIQUEFIED UNDER PRESSURE AT ROOM TEMPERATURE.

THESE ARE FAMILIAR AS “BOTTLED GAS”.

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